FREUD VS. ERIKSON - COMPARISON OF SYSTEMS
1. Freud's term: Oral stage. Erikson's stage: Basic trust vs. mistrust. The infant must resolve whether or not to trust the primary caretaker.
2. Freud's term: Anal stage. Erikson's stage: Autonomy vs. shame. As a toddler grows, autonomy develops from positive interactions with parents or caretakers.
3. Freud's term: Phallic stage. Erikson's stage: Initiative vs. guilt. Occurring during the early years of schooling, this stage results in the establishment of favorable relationships and the ability to set goals and carry out plans without infringing upon the rights of others.
4. Freud's term: Latent stage. Erikson's stage: Industry vs. inferiority. To avoid feelings of inferiority, the school-age child must master social and academic skills.
5. Freud's term: Genital stage. Erikson's stage. Identity vs. role confusion. During adolescence, a sense of personal identity and direction for the future emerge.
6. Erikson's stage: Intimacy vs. isolation. Occurring in early adulthood, this is the time of establishing the intimate bonds of love.
7. Erikson's stage: Generativity vs. stagnation. A generative person exhibits commitment to the well-being of future generations, a commitment developing during the years of middle adulthood.
8. Erikson's stage: Integrity vs. despair. In the maturity of older adulthood, one comes to terms with personal limitations.